Windows Commands

Windows Commands

Ed Tech
11 Jul 2020
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cmd commands windows commands

In this article, I show you the most important commands in windows

Basic Commands:

Call ---------------- calls a batch file from another one

cd ------------------ change directory

cls ------------------ clear screen

cmd ---------------- start command prompt

color --------------- change console color

date ---------------- show/set date

dir ------------------- list directory content

echo --------------- text output

exit ----------------- exits the command prompt or a batch file

find ----------------- find files

hostname ------- display hostname

pause -------------- pauses the execution of a batch file and shows a message

runas --------------- start a program as another user

shutdown -------- shutdown the computer

sort ----------------- sort the screen output

start ---------------- start an own window to execute a program or command

taskkill ------------- terminate a process or an application

tasklist ------------- display applications and related tasks

time ------------------ display/edit the system time

timeout ------------- wait any time

title ------------------- set a title for prompt

ver -------------------- display operating system version

w32tm -------------- setting time synchronisation/time server/time zone

File Command:

Attrib ----------------- display file attributes

comp ----------------- compare file contents

compact ------------ display/change file compression

copy / xcopy ------ copy files

diskcomp ----------- compare content of two floppy disks

diskcopy ------------- copy floppy disc to another one

erase / del ---------- delete one or more files

expand --------------- extract files

fc ------------------------ compare files and display the differences

mkdir ------------------ create a new directory

move ------------------ move/rename files

rename --------------- rename files

replace --------------- replace files

rmdir / rd ------------ delete directory

tree --------------------- display folder structure graphically

type -------------------- display content of text files

Media Commands:

chkdsk --------------- check volumes

chkntfs -------------- display/change volume check at startup

defrag ---------------- defragment media

diskpart ------------- volume management

driverquery -------- display installed devices and their properties

format --------------- format volumes

label ------------------ change volume name

mode ----------------- configure interfaces/devices

mountvol ----------- assign/delete drive mount points

verify ----------------- monitoring whether volumes are written correctly

vol --------------------- show volume description and serial numbers of the HDDs

Network Commands:

ftp --------------------- transfer files to an FTP server

ftype ----------------- display file type and mapping

getmac ------------- display MAC address

ipconfig ------------ display IP network settings

netsh ---------------- configure/control/display network components

netstat -------------- display TCP/IP connections and status

nslookup ----------- query the DNS

pathping ------------ test the connection to a specific IP address

ping ------------------- pings the network

route ----------------- display network routing table, add static routes

systeminfo ------- displays computer-specific properties and configurations

telnet ---------------- establish Telnet connection

tftp -------------------- transfer files to a TFTP server

tracert --------------- trace routes similar to patchping

Other Commands:

For ---------------------- for loop

Gpresult ------------- display group policies

gpupdate ----------- update group policies

perfmon ------------- start performance monitor

prompt --------------- change command prompt

reg --------------------- add/read/import/export registry entries

I hope that these commands prove beneficial for you.

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